Sea Launch in search of a way out Inthe Russian space industry continued behind-the-scene efforts to revive the mothballed Sea Launch complex and to find potential new applications for the floating spaceport. Russian and Ukrainian officials looked at a politically viable way to resume the production of the Zenit rocket, while Roskosmos began work on a new booster compatible with the Sea Launch facilities. In parallel, experts in human space flight made an initial assessment of a possible role for the ocean-going launch pad in the support of Earth-orbiting space stations. Sea Launch vessels moored at their home port of Long Beach, California.
Immediately after becoming airborne, aircraft raise their landing gear and perform "clearing turns" to the right off the bow and to the left off the waist catapults.
Aircraft are then cleared to climb unrestricted in visual conditions. It is used for an overcast condition. A minimum launch interval of 30 seconds is used between aircraft, which climb straight ahead.
Flight operations[ edit ] Aircraft are often launched from the carrier in a somewhat random order based on their deck positioning prior to launch. Therefore, aircraft working together on the same mission must rendezvous airborne. This is accomplished at a predetermined location, usually at the in-flight refueling tanker, overhead the carrier, or at an en route location.
Once airwing aircraft have been identified, they are normally turned over to marshal control for further clearance to the marshal pattern. Recovery operations[ edit ] As with departures, the type of recovery is based on the meteorological conditions and are referred to as case I, case II, or case III.
Pilots arrange themselves to establish proper separation for landing. As the launching aircraft from the subsequent event clear the flight deck and landing area becomes clear, the lowest aircraft in holding descend and depart the stack in final preparation for landing.
Higher aircraft descend in the stack to altitudes vacated by lower holding aircraft. The final descent from the bottom of the stack is planned so as to arrive at the "initial" which is 3 nautical miles 5.
The aircraft are then flown over the ship and "break" into the landing pattern, ideally establishing at to second intervals on the aircraft in front of them. The pilot begins his turn to final while simultaneously beginning a gentle descent.
At this point, the pilot acquires the optical landing system, which is used for the terminal portion of the landing. Maintaining radio silence, or "zip lip", during case-I launches and recoveries is the norm, breaking radio silence only for safety-of-flight issues. A case-III approach is used during instrument flight rules.
A case-III approach is used whenever existing weather at the ship is below case-II minima and during all night-flight operations. Case-III recoveries are made with single aircraft, with no formations except in an emergency situation. The holding pattern is a left-handed, 6-minute racetrack pattern.
Aircraft departing marshal normally are separated by 1 minute. To maintain proper separation of aircraft, parameters must be precisely flown. As the ship moves through the water, the aircraft must make continual, minor corrections to the right to stay on the final bearing.
The further the aircraft is from the ship, the larger the correction required. At 3 nautical miles 5. Once the pilot acquires visual contact with the optical landing aids, the pilot will "call the ball". Control will then be assumed by the LSO, who issues final landing clearance with a "roger ball" call.
Pilots are told by voice radio where they are in relation to glideslope and final bearing e. The pilot then makes a correction and awaits further information from the controller.
The instrument carrier landing system ICLS is very similar to civilian instrument landing systemsand is used on virtually all case-III approaches.
A "bullseye" is displayed for the pilot, indicating aircraft position in relation to glideslope and final bearing. The automatic carrier landing system is similar to the ICLS, in that it displays "needles" that indicate aircraft position in relation to glideslope and final bearing.
An approach using this system is said to be a "mode II" approach. If the pilot keeps the autopilot coupled until touchdown, this is referred to as a "mode I" approach.
The long-range laser lineup system LLS uses eye-safe lasersprojected aft of the ship, to give pilots a visual indication of their lineup with relation to centerline.
The LLS is typically used from as much as 10 nmi until the landing area can be seen around 1 nautical mile 1.
Line-up with the landing area is achieved by lining up painted lines on the landing area centerline with a set of lights that drops from the back of the flight deck.
Immediately upon touchdown, the pilot advances the throttles to full power so that a touch and go known as a "bolter" can be executed in the event that all trap wires have been missed. Remaining ordnance is disarmed, wings are folded, and aircraft are taxied to parking spots and shut down.
Immediately upon shutdown or sometimes prior to thatthe aircraft are refueled, rearmed, and inspected; minor maintenance is performed; and often respotted prior to the next launch cycle. Carrier qualifications[ edit ] The purpose of carrier qualifications CQ is to give pilots a dedicated opportunity to develop fundamental skills associated with operating fixed-wing, carrier-based aircraft and demonstrate acceptable levels of proficiency required for qualification.
During CQ, typically far fewer aircraft are on the flight deck than during cyclic operations.CASE 3 5 A Sea Launch Recovery? CIRCA Sea Launch engineers say the three-week round-trip journey across the Pacific Ocean is the most rewarding part of their jobs.
The cruise is the culmination of nearly two months of work preparing the rocket, payload, and launch teams for the mission. Prior to operations at Home Port, about 18 months. View case_3_5_A_Sea_Launch_Recovery from ACCOUNTING at College of Banking and Finance.
CASE A Sea Launch Recovery? CIRCA Sea Launch engineers say the three-week round-trip journey across. Case-II approaches are used when weather conditions are such that the flight may encounter instrument conditions during the descent, but visual conditions of at least 1, feet ( m) ceiling and 5 nautical miles ( km; mi) visibility exist at the ship.
Case A sea launch recovery? The case is about the thriving do-or-die commercial launch company which has never been financially efficient since the companies start. CASE 3 5 A Sea Launch Recovery? CIRCA is already booking payloads for launch in the future.
Next year is sold out, according to company officials. Sea Launch engineers say the three-week round-trip journey Sea Launch Home Port is a decommissioned U.S. Navy facil- across the Pacific Ocean is.
In the case of the yet-to-be-built Soyuz-5 rocket operating from Sea Launch, it would be possible to send a ton cargo ship toward the ISS, instead of the 7-ton Progress-MS vehicles currently serving the Russian Segment of the station.
Based on the estimate that the mass of the actual supplies could reach up to 50 percent from the mass of the.