Pennsylvania State University Introduction Ti. Claudius Nero Germanicus b. His reign represents a turning point in the history of the Principate for a number of reasons, not the least for the manner of his accession and the implications it carried for the nature of the office. During his reign he promoted administrators who did not belong to the senatorial or equestrian classes, and was later vilified by authors who did.
Once in place, he was fairly successful, but his poor taste in women would prove his undoing. Nobody expected Claudius to become emperor.
Although he was the only surviving heir of Augustus and was the brother of the war hero, Germanicus, Claudius was a figure of fun.
Unexpectedly, the family fool had become emperor. Discovered trembling in the palace by one of his own soldiers, he was clearly reluctant and afraid.
He had good reason: Supported mainly by soldiers and courtiers, he had a rocky relationship with the Senate. Many senators supported the abortive rebellion in the Balkans in 42 AD and they featured in many of the plots against his life. Surprisingly popular Despite these dangers, Claudius worked hard at his job, starting work just after midnight every day.
It began to pay off: He also treated his people with unusual respect, apologizing to visiting pensioners when there were not enough chairs. Hardly surprising, then, that Suetonius wrote how this sort of behavior endeared him to the people.
Conquering the Brits Claudius had some real successes. Britain had resisted Roman rule for over a century, but was conquered by Claudius, who created client kingdoms to protect the frontier. He had succeeded where Caesar had failed. This was the most important addition to the empire since the time of Augustus.
Trouble and strife Even this success, however, was not enough to protect him from political danger. Here, his worst enemies would turn out to be his own wives. Claudius had simply awful taste in women. Although he adored his wife, Messalina, she was extravagant and promiscuous, with a particular weakness for the servants.
Claudius tried to turn a blind eye to her many affairs, but in 48 AD Messalina took a new lover, Gaius Silius, a nobleman. Their relationship was widely thought to be cover for a plot and Claudius was urged to take action: It was too late. The emperor was hosting a dinner party when he heard that his wife had died.
Without asking how, he called for more wine.
The next year, Claudius decided to marry again, surprising Rome by choosing his own niece, Agrippina. Oh dear This was a bad mistake.
Determined to make the most of her luck and happy to use any means necessary, Agrippina was about the only woman who could make Messalina seem a good catch. Agrippina began her quest for power by persuading Claudius to bring back Seneca from exile so that he could become tutor to her own son, Nero, the boy she planned to make an emperor.
Speeding things up Gradually Agrippina removed all her rivals and convinced Claudius to disinherit his own son, Britannicus. With Nero now heir, the only remaining obstacle was Claudius himself. Agrippina took drastic action: Claudius appeared on the brink of death, but began to recover.
Horrified, Agrippina signed up the emperor's own doctor to her cause. While pretending to help Claudius vomit his food, the doctor put a feather dipped in poison down his throat.
As Tacitus said, "Dangerous crimes bring ample reward. This would prove interesting.Early life. The son of Nero Claudius Drusus, a popular and successful Roman general, and the younger Antonia, he was the nephew of the emperor Tiberius and a grandson of Livia Drusilla, the wife of the emperor webkandii.com health, unattractive appearance, clumsiness of manner, and coarseness of taste did not recommend him for a public life.
Although he lacked a military reputation, the essential attribute of an emperor, in 43 AD Claudius undertook the conquest of Britain. He visited the island for 16 days, to preside over the capture of Colchester, the capital of the .
Claudius, in full Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, original name (until 41 ce) Tiberius Claudius Nero Germanicus, (born August 1, 10 bce, Lugdunum [Lyon], Gaul—died October 13, 54 ce), Roman emperor (41–54 ce), who extended Roman rule in North Africa and made Britain a province.
Claudius Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Early life. Claudius (full name Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus) was born on 1st August, 10 BC, as the son of Nero Claudius Drusus, a Roman general, and his wife, webkandii.com had two siblings.
Claudius was the nephew of Emperor Tiberius. While he was still a child, his father died, and therefore Claudius was raised by his mother. Disfigured, awkward and clumsy, Claudius (10 BC – 54 AD / Reigned 41 – 54 AD) was the black sheep of his family and an unlikely emperor. Once in place, he was fairly successful, but his poor.
Claudius was Roman emperor from 41 to 54 CE. After the death of Emperor Caligula and his family at the hands of the Praetorian Guard, the future Emperor Claudius was found quivering behind a set of curtains, fearing for his own life, and named emperor.