16th-century manuscript could rewrite australian history pdf

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16th-century manuscript could rewrite australian history pdf

Historiography[ edit ] Development of the theory in the 19th century[ edit ] Although Scotsman Alexander Dalrymple wrote on this topic in[9] it was R. MajorKeeper of Maps at the British Museumwho in first made significant efforts to prove the Portuguese discovered Australia before the Dutch.

However, there is widespread agreement today that his approach to historical research was flawed and his claims often exaggerated. Richardson points out, this map's origins are from Major published a retraction inbut his reputation was destroyed.

Collingridge's theory did not find public approval, however, and Professors G. Arnold Wood and Ernest Scott publicly criticised much of what he had written. Professor Edward Heawood also provided early criticism of the theory. In he noted that the argument for the coasts of Australia having been reached early in the 16th century rested almost entirely on the supposition that at that time, "a certain unknown map-maker drew a large land, with indications of definite knowledge of its coasts, in the quarter of the globe in which Australia is placed".

He pointed out that "a difficulty arises from the necessity of supposing at least two separate voyages of discovery, one on each coast, though absolutely no record of any such exists". McIntyre's book was reprinted in an abridged paperback edition in and again in [25] and it was found on school history reading lists by the mids.

Tony Disney, McIntyre's theory influenced a generation of history teachers in Australian schools. I found its central argument InMcIntyre expressed pleasure that his theory was gaining acceptance in Australia: The important thing is that They in due course become teachers and The central plank of the theory of Portuguese discovery of Australia suggests the continent called Jave la Grandewhich uniquely appears on a series of 16th-century French world maps, the Dieppe school of mapsrepresents Australia.

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He stressed this to point out "that the Mahogany Shipand the Geelong Keysand other things of that sort, are not part of the proof that the Portuguese discovered Australia.

It is the other way around. The Dieppe maps prove sic that the Portuguese discovered Australia, and this throws a fierce bright light on our mysteries such as the Mahogany Ship". Brunelle and Robert J.

King also concentrate on the "Jave la Grande" landmass of the Dieppe maps see below. Richardson argues that Jave la Grande as it appears on the Dieppe world maps is at least partly based on Portuguese sources that no longer exist. In the late s, mathematician Ian McKiggan developed his theory of exponential longitude error theory to explain discrepancies, [33] although he modified this position after a public exchange of opinion with W.

Both these writers try to compare the coastal features of Jave la Grande with modern Australia's, by realigning them. InMcIntyre suggested that the writings of Pedro Nunes supported his interpretation of the distortion that occurred on the Dieppe Maps.

Barros and other Portuguese sources do not mention a discovery of land that could be Australia, but McIntyre conjectured this was because original documents were lost in the Lisbon earthquake[47] or the official policy of silence.

Carl-Georg von Brandenstein, [53] approaching the theory from another perspective, claimed that 60 words used by Aboriginal people of the Australian north-west had Portuguese origins. The most convincing is the word for 'turtle' in various Pilbara languages including Ngarluma, Karierra, Ngarla, Yinjibarndi, and Nyamal, which is "tartaruga" or "thartaruga" -the former being identical to the Portuguese word for this animal.

The domesticated saffron crocus, Crocus sativus, is an autumn-flowering perennial plant unknown in the wild. It probably descends from the eastern Mediterranean autumn-flowering Crocus cartwrightianus, which is also known as "wild saffron" and originated in Crete or mainland Greece. An origin in Southwest Asia, although often suspected, has . A Biblical study of the bloodlines and geneaology of the Nephilim giants before and after the flood. “IRAN HAS NO NUCLEAR WEAPONS,” Prime Minister Vladimir Putin told his fellow Russians during his annual Question-and-Answer session on December 3, Only a few days before Putin’s nationwide address, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, with threats from Israel on Iran’s nuclear sites.

Such borrowings must presumably date to the early Portuguese interception of the Pilbara coast, and indicate that the Portuguese did communicate with the Aboriginal people of the Pilbara coast. Again, however there is no evidence that the contacts were intensive or extensive enough to give rise to any contact language.

Nick Thieberger, modern linguistic and archaeological research has not corroborated his arguments. Martin Woods of the National Library of Australia commented: For now, unfortunately the appearance of a long-eared big-footed animal in a manuscript doesn't really add much.

Peter Pridmore of La Trobe University has suggested the marginalia depicts an aardvark.

After being taken down twice by Blogger within a single week, we got the message: It’s Time To Go. Gates of Vienna has moved to a new address. “IRAN HAS NO NUCLEAR WEAPONS,” Prime Minister Vladimir Putin told his fellow Russians during his annual Question-and-Answer session on December 3, Only a few days before Putin’s nationwide address, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, with threats from Israel on Iran’s nuclear sites. As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria. Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from webkandii.com

Kenneth McIntyre argues the animal in the bottom right corner is a kangaroo. Other texts originating from the same era represent a land to the south of New Guineawith a variety of flora and fauna. Part of a map in Cornelis de Jode 's atlas Speculum Orbis Terrae depicts New Guinea and a hypothetical land to the south inhabited by dragons.

The latter creature features a marsupial pouch containing two offspring, and the characteristically bent hind legs of a kangaroo or another member of the macropod family.

However, as macropods are found in New Guinea and the Bismarck Archipelago these include the Dusky pademelonAgile wallabyand Black Dorcopsis wallabythis may have no relevance to a possible Portuguese discovery of Australia.

Another explanation is that the animal is based on a North American opossum. It was a potentially catastrophic event and the ship immediately began to take water. However, over the next four days the ship managed to limp along, searching for safety.01Mar10 - PEPIS # - Capitalism's terminal crisis?.

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A Biblical study of the bloodlines and geneaology of the Nephilim giants before and after the flood. As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.

Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from webkandii.com A Biblical study of the bloodlines and geneaology of the Nephilim giants before and after the flood.

The development of the theory of Portuguese discovery of Australia owes much to Melbourne lawyer Kenneth McIntyre's book, The Secret Discovery of Australia; Portuguese ventures years before webkandii.comre's book was reprinted in an abridged paperback edition in and again in and it was found on school history reading lists by the mids.

16th-century manuscript could rewrite australian history pdf

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